Free Radicals

In 1935, New Zealander Leonard “Len” Lye created the first ever “direct animation,” a process of film-making without a camera by which figures are hand-painted directly on film. His work is inspired by pure movement itself, “as dramatic as lightning through the night sky”. Colossal kinetic sculptures followed. Well-loved by all for his colorful personality and well-known for his perpetual work ethic, Lye never stopped thinking of new ideas for artworks and continued to experiment with the possibilities of direct film-making right until the very end.